Roman Shukhevych
Roman Shukhevych

Roman Shukhevych

Roman Shukevich (Роман ИосифовиШухеви, Roman Iosifovich Shukhevych)

Commander of Ukraine's Nachtigall Battalion and OUN, subordinated to German Nazi command during World War II, where the soldiers massacred over hundreds of thousands of Polish Jews and Poles.

Massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galiciash was born on June 30, 1907 in Lviv, but some data say he was born in Krakowitz, at the time part of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria.

His father, Joseph (Joseph-Zinovy Vladimirovich Shukhevych), had a career as a judge.

in childhood Chukevich grew up in the city of Red Kiev (Radechiv), a suburb of the Viv district.

In 1920, he moved into Lviv and attended Lviv Academic Gymnasium.

After that, he became known to Yevgeny Konovalec, who founded the UVO (the Ukrainian Military Organization), where the two of them rented a dashed room together.

In 1922, Shukevich became a member of The Plast National Scout Organization of Ukraine, briefly referred to as “Plast”, the fish was the largest scout organization in Ukraine and expanded into Poland.

1925 Chukevich joined the UVO

In 1926, he entered the Danzig Polytechnic Institute in Germany. He became a member of the Chernomorye student group.

1928 enrolled in the Lviv Polytechnic Institute in civil engineering

He was also enlisted in the Polish Army this year, taking office in the Artillery Army in Vladimir-Volyn.

1929 Graduation of Engineering

This year the OUN Group (Организация украинских националистов, Oragination of Ukrainina Nationalists) was established. Soldiers in the Poladne Army

In 1930, Shukevich was the leader of the OUN's Western Command. The unit he was leading an attack against Poland, arson, destroyed property, farmland, government facilities belonging to the Polish people, and also attempted to kill a Polish officer, one of the top Polish officials who died. And to believe that Shukevich was involved,

Polish slaughter, Seima Tadeusz Holowko, August 31, 1931

The killing of a Polish police officer, Emillian (Emilian Chekhovsky), in Lviv, March 22, 1932.

In November 1932, Schukevich was arrested after participating in a protest march against Polish student frog, where he was held in jail months before his release.

1934 He worked with the construction company “Levinsky”

Arrested again by police for attempting to murder Interior Minister Bronislaw Peracki, who, when taken to court at a time later, he was sentenced to four years in prison, Shukeevich went into the lviv house until 1937.

In 1938, Schukevich was pardoned, after leaving prison, he traveled to Germany and attended a German military academy in Munich set by Abwehr.

September 30, the Munich Agreement was struck in which Czechoslovakia gave up some territory to the Germans.

Shortly after the Munich Agreement, the territory of Carpatho Ukraine, one of Czechoslovakia at the time, declared independence, with Shukeich's OUN forces providing support and clashes with Polish police officers.

9 November, Shukevich co-founded the Carpathian Sich, an armed force of about 15,000 people.


15 March, Hungary invaded Capatia-Ukraine, where only three days, the territory of Capatia-Ukraine was seized by Hungary.

After the defeat in defending Capatia-Ukraine, Schukevich fled the country through Romania to Yugoslavia, where his uncle lived in the country.

During the spring, he along with his family moved to Krakow and kept liaising for OUN under the command of Andriy Melnek, but not long, OUN broke into two. OUN (m) was led by Aldray Melnik and OUN (b) led by Stepan Bandera, with Chukevich staying with OUN (b), which supported the flat. Denra

Stepan Bandera is a radical nationalist who is popular with Nazism, as well as Chukevich. The OUN (b), led by Bandera, worked in coordination with the German Abwehr Intelligence Service to set up Nachtigall and Roland forces, which are Ukrainian forces but subordinate to German command.

September, the Soviet Union annexed the territory of western Ukraine.

1941 June 22, (Operation Barbarossa) Nazi Germans invaded the Soviet Union.

30 June, in Lviv, which fell under German occupation, the OUN unit (b) under the leadership of Stepan Bandera declared Ukraine as an independent sovereign country, but Bandera's declaration was not backed by Germany, and Schukevich was summoned back to Germany.

During this Lviv address, it was estimated that 4,000 people of Jewish descent were killed by Nazi soldiers and OUN.

July 4, (Massacre of Lviv professors) German Nazis and OUN massacred about 45 scientists and professors at Lviv University and their families.

October, Schukevich is set to command the German 201 Schutzmannschaft Battalion 201 unit instead of Nachtigall.

In 1942 March, SB 201 was sent to the Battle of Belarus, where they killed thousands of Jews and Russians during their operations in Belarus.

1943, SB 201 was disbanded, and Shukevich returned to live with OUN (b) and became commander.

July-, from the spring to early 1944, OUN massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia (Massacres of Poles in Volhynia and Eastern Galicia), the number of deaths from the massacre could reach 100,00

In August 1944, the Soviet Union annexed Ukraine. After that, Chukovich continued to take arms against the Soviet Union, but his life was mostly hiding in the forest.

1950 March 5, Chukovich was killed by a Soviet MGB (Ministry of State Security) officer during a battle in the village of Bilohorshcha in Lviv.

2007 February 12, President Viktor Yushchenko of Ukraine announced the establishment of Chukovich as the country's new year and awarded him the Hero of Ukraine award.

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