Biopreparat is a network of research laboratories and institutes for biological and chemical sciences of the USSR to research biological weapons. Founded in 1973 by the initiative of Yuri Ovchinnikov, Deputy Director of the Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, and Professor at Moscow University. State University). He is also vice president of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (the Soviet Academy of Science).
Offchinigov was able to convince Leonid Breazhev, leader of the then-Soveite Union, to support research for biowapons for use if necessary.
This biopreparation is contrary to the Biological Weapons Convention adopted by the Soviet Union in 1972, so Biopreparat must be an organization that works secretly.
In April 1979, an anthrax outbreak occurred in the Soviet city of Sverdlovsk, which killed 105 people. The city is home to one of the biopreparats.
The lab that caused the anthrax to fall out is Compound 19 where the air filtration system crashed.
1980 February 13, the German Bild Zeitung newspaper published a news release of the anthrax outbreak in Swerlofs. The Soviet Union rejected the newspaper's information, claiming the Antrak outbreak was caused by degrading canned meat, and the West's information was propaganda.
In 1989, Vladimir Pasechnik, 1937-2001, a biologist who worked for Biopreparat, fled to Britain and revealed the secrets of the Soviet BioWeapons Research Program to the West. The data that Pasechnik gave gave gave the USSR that the Soviet biowapons program was bigger than that of its intelligence. The United States or the U.K. is estimated at ten times as much.
1992 Dr. Kanatjan Alibekov, deputy director of the Biopreparat Project between 1988-1992. He was the second scientist from Biopreparat to escape from the Soviet Union and reveal the secrets of the Biopreparat project to the U.S.
Which, by the revelation of Dr. Alibegov, in the 1980s, this biopreparat project had more than 60,000 people working for the project.
But shortly after the Soviet Union's collapse, Russia's President Boris Yeltsin signed an order to end all of the country's biological weapons research.
1998 October 13, Dr. Alibegov appeared in the U.S. Frontline's documentary “Plague War,” which aired on PBS channel.
1999 Dr. Alibekoff wrote the book Biohazard to reveal the Soviet Union's Biopreparat project, which he used the pen name Ken Alibek.
The pathogens and viruses that were researched at Biopreparat
Bubonic plague (Smallpox), bubonic plague, anthrax (Anthrax), VEE virus (Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus), rabbit fever (Taluremia), flu virus (influenza), brucellosis (Marburg virus), macupo virus (Machupo virus), E virus Bola (Ebola), Q fever (Q fever), Junin virus, Argentinian hemorrhagic fever, yellow fever, Lassa fever, Japanese encephalitis, Russian spring-summer encephalitis, Russian encephalitis, Russian spring-summer encephalitis.
Institutions related to the Biopreparat Project
The Stepnogorsk Scientific and Technical Institute for Microbiology, the Institute of Ultra Pure Biochemical Preparations, the Leningrad Center for Virus and Biotechnology Vector, Novosibirsk Berg Institute of Engineering Immunology (Institute of Applied Biochemistry, Omutninsk) Kirov Biowaons (Kirov biowaons production facility, Kirov), Zagorsk pox plant (Zagorsk smallpox production facility, Zagorsk) Berdsk biowapon production facilit, Berdsk, the Sverdlovsk biowapons production facility, Vozrozhdeniya Island, a chemical weapons test site for Kazakh Science Center for the Quarkh Science Center for the Quardsk Biowapons. Antine of Zoonotic Diseases)