Nikolai Kamalena (Николай Фёдоровий Гамалея)

The scientist, who pioneered the field of microbiology and vaccines in the USSR. His name was taken to name the Gamaleya National Center of Epidemiology and Microbiology, the institute which developed the Sputnik V vaccine.

Gamalena, born 17 (5 O.S.) February 1859 in Odessa (Odessa), his father was a former military officer. The name was Fyodor (Fyodor Mikhailovich Gamaleya).

That Gamalema was the youngest of 12 siblings in total.

1876 attended medicine at the University of Odessa (Odessa University)

1880 graduated and then enrolled at the Military Medical Institute in St. Petersburg (S.M. Kirov Military Medical Academy)

1883 graduated from the Academy of Military Medicine.

1885 took the opportunity to work in Louis Pasteur's lab in Paris.

When returning to Russia, he joined Ilya Mechnikov, a Nobel Prize-winning scientist, and Professor Yakov Yulievich Bardakh to set up the Odessa bacteriological station inside Novorossiya University to develop vaccines for Rabies Prevention (rabie)

Before later, the research of vaccines for other diseases such as tuberculosis, cholera and antrhax. Their laboratory is considered Russia's first bacteriological research center, and the second in the world (after the Louispaster Laboratory).

Petersburg, Kamalaya received a Ph.D. by writing a dissertation on the causes of cholera from the point of view of experiential pathology.

In 1899 Gamalaya was also awarded the position of director of the Institute of Bacterial Research.

1912 was the director of the Jenner Vaccination Institute in St. Petersburg, where a chickenpox vaccine was developed in 1918 and deployed throughout the Voviate Union.

1930 was the director of the Central Institute for Epidemiology and Microbiology in Moscow.

1938 took the position of professor in the field of microbiology at the Moscow Medical Institute.

1940 was a member of the USSR Academy of Sciences

1949 29 March, died in Moscow