King Fredrich II (Friedrich der Große)
Fredrich was crowned on January 24, 1713 inside the Berlin Palace in Berlin, Prussia Kingdom. He is the son of King Frederick William I of Prussia and Queen Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, who he is. The royal daughter of King George I of Britain (George I of Britain)
When Frederic was formulated, His Father appointed Marther de Roucoulle, Huguenots, French Potestant, to take care of Frederick, and Wilhelmine of Prussia, the wife of Fredrich, whom De Rocolle did this job until Frederick had a blessing. mm to Seven years old.
King Frederich William was very strict in the care of the crown prince, making Frederich less compatible with his father.
In 1716, Jacques Duhan de Jandun, a barrister who was also Hugonot, was employed to serve as a master until 1727. Duhan also built a secret library for Frederic, located in Schlossfreiheit Castle to learn Latin and literature.
1727, King Frederick William caught Frederick's secret library, causing Jacques Duhan to be expelled.
In 1728, Fredrich learned to play music with Johann Joachim Quantz, which gave Fredrich a variety of musical compositions, such as symphony in D.
This year, Fridrich followed the Father to Deasden, allowing him to meet Anna Karolina Orzelska, whom Anna Ocelska was a childhood sweetheart of Frederic. The following year Anna went secretly to Berlin to live with Fredrich, but in 1930 Anna had to marry a soldier in the Prusus Army. Zia at the command of her father.
In 1730 (Katte affair), when Fredrich died 18, there was a master named Hans Hermann von Katte, a young army officer, 26 years old, who taught him art and poets. They were so close that they were said to be lovers.
Fredrich and Katt had planned to flee to Britain together with a number of other soldiers, but King Fredrich William I knew the plan.
On August 5, Fredrich and Katt were arrested and taken into custody at a barracks in Küstrin (Küstrin) before being charged with treason. The court later convicted Kat for escaping soldiers by life imprisonment, but King Fredrich William I changed the punishment to death with beheading.
November 6, Katt was executed inside a barracks in Justin, where Fredrich was also forced to be executed.
November 18, Fredrich was pardoned but discharged from a military post.
In 1732, Fredrich was allowed to return to Berlin again and regained his military rank.
1733 June 12, attended the royal ceremony with Elisabeth Christin of Brunswick-Bevern, whose granddaughter Empress Elisabeth Christin of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. The ceremony was held within the Schloss Saldehlum Summer Palace.
1736 August 8, Fredrich wrote a letter to Voltaire, at which time Voltaire was one of Europe's first famous philosophers. In the letter, Frederich asked Voltaire to send him some of his writings, which was the beginning of the relationship between the two friends.
1738 became a member of the Freemasons (Freemasons)
In 1739, Fredrich had an epiphany called Anti-Machiavel, an article that tried to discredit Niccolo Machiavelli's book, the Anti-Machiavel, printed in 1740 without the author's anonymity.
1740 May 31, Frederick William Swankat and Fredrich, who at that time were 27 monks, became reigned.
October 28, Emperor Char VI (Emperor Charles VI, Holy Roman) of Holi Roman, Sawankat Fredrich lived a time when Austria was vulnerable because of a transitional period. Fredrich refused to endorse Maria Theresa of Austria, Charles VI's daughter, to become the head of Austria, while claiming karma. Prussian rights over the Silesian Territory (Silesian)
December 16, invaded Austria's Tulesian without declaring war, where Prussia spent a month and a half to capture Celesian.
In March 1741, Fredrich stayed from the battle in Celesian for a while, but had to resume the battle after the Prussian army was attacked by Austrian soldiers.
April 10, Battle of Mollwitz
June 4, Battle of Hohenfriedberg
In September, France invaded Prague, the territory of Austria at that time. This time Frederic supported Charles of Bavaria to be appropriate for the Roman Holy King.
When Prague was in danger, Austria withdrew troops from Cilezia to defend Prague, but Fredrich lifted his troops.
1742 February 2, Charles of Bavaria reigned Emperor of the Holy Roman
In May, the Battle of Chotusitz in this battle allowed Prussia and French factions to capture Prague.
June, the Treaty of Breslau, Austria was forced to agree a peace treaty with Prussia, ceding the Cilesian and Glatz territories to Prussia.
1743 Austria drove the French army out of Bohemia.
August 1744, Second Silesian War. France cooperated with Prussia in the invasion of Bohemia.
September, Prague fell under the possession of Prussia again
January 1745, Charles VII (Charles VII) of the Holy Roman Swords made Francis of Lorraine the Swami of Maria Teresa elected as the new emperor.
June, Battle of Hohenfriedberg
September, Battle of Soor
December 15, Battle of Kesselsdorf
December 25, Treaty of Bresden (Treaty of Bresden) Austria surrender Silesian to Prussia (again)
In 1751, Emden Company (Royal Prussian Asiatic Company in Emdem to Canton and China) was established to promote trade between Prussia and Asia, especially China, in the same way as the British East India Company.
In 1755, Fredrich made an opera about Montezuma together with Carl Heinrich Graun, with Fredrich acting as the libretto petition.
In 1756, Austria was backed by Russia and France in an attempt to regain the Cilesian territory, while Prussia had resorted to shaking hands with the British.
On August 29, Fredrich decided to take action first by ordering Prussian troops to invade Saxony, beginning the Third Silesian War and leading to the Seven Years' War.
1757 November, Battle of Rossbach
December, Battle of Leuthe
In 1760, Russian and Austrian troops were able to invade Berlin, and Fredrich almost killed himself.
January 1762, Empress Elizabeth of Russia abruptly punctuated, and Tsar Peter III of Russia, of German descent, withdrew Russian troops from the war.
1763 February 15, the Treaty of Hubertusburg Prussia, Austria and Saxony agreed to end the inter-war, ending the seven-year war, while Cilezia remained Prussia in accordance with the original Berlin Treaty.
1772 August 5, (1st Partitions of Poland) Prussia, Austria and Russia agreed to divide the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth lands between which the first division of the Polish territory was without war.
1778 Voltaire died.
War of the Bavarian Succession (War of the Bavarian Succession)
On December 30, 1777, Maximilian Joseph, the Duke of Bavaria, was slumped with pox, without his heirs, ending the direct descent of the Wittelsbach, which led to Emperor Joseph II of Austira of Austria claiming his rights in Bavaria, but Fae Redrich disagreed, thus lifting the Prussian army to Bohemia to thwart Austria's army.
Austria and Prussia armies didn't have serious battles because they were pressured by France and Russia to negotiate.
1779 Austria and Prussia signed the Treaty of Thessen (Treaty of Teschen).
1786 August 17, Spanach in Potsdam (Potsdam) inside the Sanssouci castle (Sanssouci palace)
The book celebrates
Antimachiavel, 1740der Geschichte meiner Zeit (The History of my time), 1746Denkwürdigkeiten zur Geschichte des Hauses Brandenburg (The History of The House ob Brandenburg) ,1748der Geschichte des Siebenjährigen Krieges (The History of Seven years' war), 1764seurs inen Memoiren (His Memory), 1775